Verb Bases In Japanese
Using Verb Bases
Now that you know about 30 Japanese verbs and can conjugate them, I'll show you what you can do with those verb bases. You may want to regularly refer to the lessons on Godan verbs and Ichidan verbs while learning these.
The following chart applies to all Japanese verbs unless otherwise noted.
|ひらがな - Hiragana||Romaji (English Letters)||English Meaning|
|Base 1 + ない||Base 1 + nai||plain form negative (will not verb)|
|Base 1 + なかった||Base 1 + nakatta||plain form past negative (did not verb)|
|Base 2 + ます||Base 2 + masu||polite form present/future tense|
|Base 2 + ました||Base 2 + mashita||polite form past tense|
|Base 2 + ません||Base 2 + masen||polite form negative (will not verb)|
|Base 2 + ませんでした||Base 2 + masen deshita||polite form past negative (did not verb)|
|Base 2 + たい||Base 2 + tai||want to verb (add です (desu) to make it polite)|
|Base 3||Base 3||plain form present/future tense|
|Base 4 + ば||Base 4 + ba||if verb|
|Base 4 + る||Base 4 + ru||plain form can verb (Godan verbs only) (verb now becomes an Ichidan verb)|
|Base 4 + ます||Base 4 + masu||polite form can verb (can be changed like above)|
|Base 5 + とする||Base 5 + to suru||try to verb (this suru is the same verb learned in lesson 7 (to do something))|
|Base "te" + 欲しい||Base "te" + hoshii||want someone else to verb (hoshii is an adjective which will be covered in the next lesson)|
|Base "te"||Base "te"||plain form command|
|Base "te" + 下さい||Base "te" + kudasai||polite form command|
|Base "te" + いる||Base "te" + iru||plain form presently verbing (this iru is the same verb learned in lesson 7 (to exist (animate))|
|Base "te" + います||Base "te" + imasu||polite form presently verbing (can be changed like above)|
|Base "ta"||Base "ta"||plain form past tense|
|Base "ta" + ら||Base "ta" + ra||if and when I verb (similar to Base 4 + ba)|
|Base "ta" + りする||Base "ta" + ri suru||do such things as... (this suru is also the same verb learned in lesson 7 (to do something))|
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